1 annual or perennial herb with aromatic finely-cut leaves [syn: Petroselinum crispum]
2 aromatic herb with flat or curly leaves
- Czech: petržel
- Estonian: petersell
- Finnish: persilja
- French: persil
- German: Petersilie
- Greek: μαϊντανός
- Hungarian: petrezselyem
- Italian: prezzemolo
- Polish: pietruszka
- Portuguese: salsa
- Romanian: pătrunjel
- Russian: петрушка
- Spanish: perejil
- Turkish: maydanoz
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a bright green, biennial herb, also used as spice. It is very common in Middle Eastern, European, and American cooking. Parsley is used for its leaf in much the same way as coriander (which is also known as Chinese parsley or cilantro), although it has a milder flavor.
Two forms of parsley are used as herbs: curly leaf and Italian, or flat leaf (P. neapolitanum). Curly leaf parsley is often used as a garnish. Many people think flat leaf parsley has a stronger flavor, and this opinion is backed by chemical analysis which finds much higher levels of essential oil in the flat-leaved cultivars. One of the compounds of the essential oil is apiol. The use of curly leaf parsley may be favored by some because it cannot be confused with poison hemlock, like flat leaf parsley or chervil.
Root parsleyAnother type of parsley is grown as a root vegetable, as with hamburg root parsley. This type of parsley produces much thicker roots than types cultivated for their leaves. Although little known in Britain and the United States, root parsley is very common in Central and Eastern European cuisine, where it is used in most soups or stews.
Though it looks similar to parsnip it tastes quite different. Parsnips are among the closest relatives of parsley in the umbellifer family of herbs, although the similarity of the names is a coincidence, parsnip meaning "forked turnip". It is not related to real turnips.
CultivationParsley's germination is notoriously difficult. Tales have been told concerning its lengthy germination, with some suggesting that "germination was slow because the seeds had to travel to hell and back two, three, seven, or nine times (depending on sources) before they could grow." Germination is inconsistent and may require 3-6 weeks. It is also valued as an aquaretic.
- When crushed and rubbed on the skin, parsley can reduce itching in mosquito bites.
- Parsley should not be consumed as a drug or supplement by pregnant women. Parsley as an oil, root, leaf, or seed could lead to uterine stimulation and preterm labor.
- Parsley is high (1.70% by mass, http://www.guinealynx.com/diet_oxalic.html) in oxalic acid, a compound involved in the formation of kidney stones and nutrient deficiencies.
- Parsley oil contains furanocoumarins and psoralens which leads to extreme photosensitivity if used orally.
- PLANTS Profile for Petroselinum crispum (parsley) |USDA PLANTS
- Parsley, an unsung Hero by Floyd Maxwell
- 20 Facts About Parsley
image:Parsley Flat.jpg|Flat Parsley